Free essay on kants moral theory
Arguably, human beings posses’ unique capacity to reason rationally and be responsible for all their deeds. This is what constitutes to the ability of human beings to be responsible in an ethical manner, hence constitutes to their moral values. Kant postulates that the outcome of an activity does not give the action a moral worth, but rather the reason for performing the activity is what gives it the moral worth (Duran and McNutt 755). Precisely, it fosters carrying out an act based on what your inner self would wish the act be carried out the same way universally. The act, however, should be justified with concrete proof as to why the activity should be carried out so.
Deductively, Kant’s theory is justified as it fosters for the principle of good for all. Kant does not set the principles to be applied in order to achieve our desires, but it rather emanates from individual ability to express their desires at will. This hence allows for reciprocal interactions amongst societal members, which guides human beings to co-exist effectively in a society with shared resources, and responsibilities. A society guided by Kant’s principles will more likely have institutions guided by neither moral values, which do not impeach nor detriment its societal members.
Existence of transparency and accountability in a functioning democracy is significant. Law-abiding citizens, however, do not get a chance to control what their leaders can enact, which could affect them in one way or another (Todeva 788). Kant argues that rational human beings are more likely to follow universal principles, which uphold moral values. Therefore, in such a society, adherence to Kant’s principle will allow for a society that leaders are transparent and accountable for what they enact thus taking care of the people below them.
Kant’s argument is further justified because it upholds self-confidence in an individual. The theory calls for openness in any act so long as there exists supportive justification as to why things should be done as proposed. Kant postulates that morality is best upheld based on profound reasoning, as in the process an individual could likely differentiate the right from the wrong. Deductive reasoning leads an individual to get to know his/her responsibility and duty. From these therefore we can deduce that reasoning leads to moral actions, thus, forming the basis of self-discovery self-belief. Based on Kant’s moral philosophy, individual freedom in reasoning for oneself increases the chances of making a moral judgment, since lack of assumption of freedom impairs deductive reasoning.
Application of Kant’s theory in organizational decision-making discourages engagement in opportunistic behaviors. This occurs occasionally in cases resulting from being influenced by ethical values and believes existing in the culture and norms of the organization. The decision makers, who posses more freedom, at times decide to abuse their powers leading to de-motivation of workers, resulting in decreased employee output due to mere absence of moral values. Allocation of employee freedom in reasoning based on Kant’s arguments is thus essential in brining positive outcomes within an organizational set up.
Kantian ethical values ascribed in his theory have proved to offer crucial support for managerial theories of organizations, particularly in cases of conflicts of interest amongst principals and their agents. Moral principles coupled from the theory guides in determining the most appropriate action in all circumstances, thus enabling the involved parties act based on the connectional rules in existence. This hence contributes to the peaceful co-existence amongst various partners in any given organization.
Kant’s postulate fosters understanding of individuals we relate to in the same environment, as it aids in distinctions of how each individual acts and knowledge levels thus enhancing the possibility of two individuals making good partners. Use of Kant’s theory advocates for setting of universal maxims. This guide individual relations resulting in long-term coexistence, which provides a basis for conflict resolution amongst them.
Existence of moral values emanating from Kant’s theory allows communication of common values and believes within an organizational culture. The moral values act as guidelines governing behavior, thus becoming a set of values and believe. In the end, this distinguishes right from wrong, good from bad and, hence molding a culture guided by moral principles. Derivation of moral philosophies calls for distinction of expected outcomes, issues, and decisions.
Deductively, Kant’s theory can be argued to be the most appropriate among the ethical theories as it upholds a major feature, moral value, which is necessary for peaceful coexistence in a society composed of people with diverse norms and believes. It further allows freedom of expression and deductive reasoning amongst people with provision of succinct proof of deduction from your reasoning. What one person thinks is right is relative, and hence might be otherwise to another person.
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